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Homework answers / question archive / Chapter 7—Competing Visions of the Virtuous Republic, 1770-1796   MULTIPLE CHOICE        1)   Why did the Confederation government not survive the decade of postwar adjustments? a

Chapter 7—Competing Visions of the Virtuous Republic, 1770-1796   MULTIPLE CHOICE        1)   Why did the Confederation government not survive the decade of postwar adjustments? a

History

Chapter 7—Competing Visions of the Virtuous Republic, 1770-1796

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

     1)   Why did the Confederation government not survive the decade of postwar adjustments?

a.

It was too weak to solve the nation's economic and social problems.

b.

It was bogged down with fighting Indian wars.

c.

It faced too many diplomatic difficulties with France and England.

d.

America had no territory west of the Appalachian Mountains into which it could grow.

 

 

 

     2.   Who of the following criticized the Confederation government as "too democratical"?

a.

John Adams

b.

Tom Paine

c.

John Dickinson

d.

James Madison

 

 

     3.   Under the Articles of Confederation states enjoyed

a.

equal representation.

b.

proportional representation.

c.

virtual representation.

d.

bicameral representation.

 

 

 

     4.   New Jersey's constitution was surprising because it

a.

outlawed slavery.

b.

contained a bill of rights.

c.

guaranteed freedom of religion.

d.

allowed property-holding women to vote.

 

 

 

     5.   Constitutions in states like New Hampshire, the Carolinas, and Virginia

a.

remained controlled by colonial elites.

b.

looked to the Articles of Confederation for guidance.

c.

reflected the strong political voice that ordinary citizens had acquired during the Revolution.

d.

abolished slavery before the end of the Revolutionary war.

 

 

 

     6.   The Continental Congress based the amount states contributed to the national government on

a.

population.

b.

manufacturing activity.

c.

tariffs on interstate trade.

d.

land values.

 

 

 

     7.   The Articles of Confederation were written in 1777 but not ratified by the states until 1781. What took them so long?

a.

Maryland refused to ratify the document until the Confederation government controlled the Northwest Territory.

b.

Georgia demanded that provisions calling for the gradual emancipation of slaves be eliminated.

c.

New York was still occupied by British troops and could not vote on it.

d.

Virginia insisted that it would not ratify until Congress paid George Washington's salary.

 

 

 

     8.   Who suggested that the government get permission to enact tariffs to raise revenue?

a.

Alexander Hamilton

b.

John Dickinson

c.

Robert Morris

d.

John Adams

 

 

 

     9.   The Northwest Ordinances of 1784, 1785, and 1787

a.

extended the size of the original thirteen states.

b.

developed the procedure for creating new states.

c.

protected the rights of slaveholders.

d.

weakened the national government.

 

 

 

   10.   New England shipbuilders suffered particular economic hardship in the aftermath of the war because

a.

international trade had slumped across the globe.

b.

cheap French competition stole their business.

c.

Britain had banned the sale of American farm products in the West Indies, which had been a staple of the American shipping business.

d.

wartime destruction had depleted the local lumber supply.

 

 

 

   11.   Nationalists supported

a.

strong central government.

b.

aggressive foreign policy.

c.

elimination of state governments in favor of one national government.

d.

invading Canada.

 

 

 

   12.   Although some states were reluctant to ask Congress to call a convention to discuss interstate commerce problems, what tipped the balance in favor of the convention?

a.

Shays's Rebellion

b.

Alexander Hamilton's persuasiveness

c.

A growing black market

d.

Growing corruption

 

 

 

 

 

 

   13.   Who became known as "the father of the Constitution"?

a.

George Washington

b.

Gouverneur Morris

c.

James Madison

d.

John Adams

 

 

 

   14.   Who of the following was present at the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention?

a.

Samuel Adams

b.

Thomas Jefferson

c.

John Adams

d.

Alexander Hamilton

 

 

   15.   Large states liked Madison's Virginia Plan because

a.

it meant lower taxes.

b.

it contained a bill of rights.

c.

it would give them greater political clout.

d.

it only allowed wealthy men to vote.

 

 

 

   16.   The Three-Fifths Compromise

a.

required that 60 percent of the states had to approve constitutional amendments.

b.

addressed the proportion of native-born Americans who had to be in each congressional delegation.

c.

stipulated how slaves would be counted when determining the number of representatives a state had.

d.

designated the vote needed by Congress to override a presidential veto.

 

 

 

   17.   The idea behind the creation of the Electoral College was

a.

to give Congress the power to choose the president.

b.

that state legislatures should have a greater role in the federal government.

c.

to prevent candidates from campaigning.

d.

that common voters should not directly elect the president.

 

 

 

   18.   Ratification delegates in Virginia and New York eventually agreed to support the Constitution

a.

in exchange for increased representation in government.

b.

because it protected slavery.

c.

because it would guarantee a stronger foreign policy.

d.

after its proponents agreed to include a bill of rights.

 

 

   19.   Who of the following was opposed to the ratification of the constitution?

a.

Richard Henry Lee

b.

Alexander Hamilton

c.

James Madison

d.

John Jay

 

 

 

   20.   Antifederalists portrayed the Federalists as

a.

anarchists.

b.

warmongers.

c.

a privileged minority.

d.

being unprepared to take the reins of a republican government.

 

 

 

   21.   In the Massachusetts ratification convention, the Antifederalists

a.

imposed property qualifications for voting.

b.

made political deals and won the vote.

c.

were in the majority.

d.

arranged to have supporters of Shays's Rebellion arrested.

 

 

 

   22.   The Judiciary Act of 1789 did all of the following, EXCEPT:

a.

establish a Supreme Court

b.

establish thirteen district courts.

c.

empower the Supreme Court to review the decisions of state courts

d.

require the popular election of Supreme Court Justices

 

 

   23.   Congress's first source of revenue was through a(n)

a.

tariff.

b.

income tax.

c.

excise tax on printed paper.

d.

sales tax.

 

 

 

   24.   Contained in the Bill of Rights are provisions that

a.

assert that only Christians can hold office.

b.

prevent the federal government from forcing citizens to house troops.

c.

prevent states from depriving their citizens of life, liberty, or property without due process.

d.

give the federal government any powers not claimed by the states.

 

 

 

   25.   Alexander Hamilton's economic goal was to

a.

keep consumer prices low.

b.

expand trade with England's rivals.

c.

protect slavery.

d.

transform America into a manufacturing society.

 

 

 

   26.   Much of the conflict in Congress in the early 1790s revolved around

a.

policy toward revolutionary France.

b.

Hamilton's economic goals.

c.

the creation of political parties.

d.

westward expansion.

 

 

 

   27.   Patrick Henry feared Hamilton's economic plan because

a.

he believed it would undermine slavery.

b.

he feared increasing the national debt.

c.

he believed it would favor northern states over southern.

d.

it did not include a national bank.

 

 

 

   28.   Alexander Hamilton's economic plan reflects his

a.

desire to give America's elite a reason to take interest in the success of the federal government.

b.

belief that wealth gained by the manipulation of money was corrupt.

c.

antislavery views.

d.

commitment to maintaining power at the state level.

 

 

 

   29.   Thomas Jefferson and James Madison thought of commerce and industry as

a.

the foundation of a national economy.

b.

inherently sinful and anti-Republican.

c.

a handmaiden to agriculture.

d.

a way out of the Southern dependence on plantation slavery.

 

 

 

   30.   Why did American public opinion shift away from supporting the French Revolution?

a.

The Jacobins instituted a reign of terror.

b.

The Jacobins threatened to invade Canada and America.

c.

The Jacobins declared war on England.

d.

Revolutionaries kidnapped Thomas Jefferson.

 

 

 

   31.   In response to Edmund Genet's activities, Washington

a.

publicly expelled the diplomat.

b.

signed an alliance with Britain.

c.

refused to honor the military treaty between the United States and France.

d.

sent troops to capture New Orleans.

 

 

 

   32.   The Democratic-Republican Societies

a.

supported the French political agenda.

b.

excluded professionals, merchants, and planters from their ranks.

c.

believed that representatives, once elected, should follow their own consciences.

d.

actively worked for George Washington's re-election.

 

 

 

   33.   President Washington responded to the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania by

a.

calling up thirteen thousand militiamen and marching them into battle against the angry mob.

b.

banning the sale of liquor in that part of the state.

c.

trying to calm down the rioters with diplomacy.

d.

deporting the leaders of the rebellion to the Caribbean.

 

 

 

   34.   Thomas Pinckney's Treaty of San Lorenzo with Spain

a.

gave the United States full rights to Florida.

b.

created the territory of New Mexico.

c.

gave western farmers an outlet to ocean trade via free navigation of the Mississippi River.

d.

prepared the ground for the Louisiana Purchase.

 

 

 

   35.   Although it made him unpopular, John Jay considered his treaty with Britain a success because

a.

it kept America neutral in the conflict between Britain and France.

b.

it opened up the West to further settlement.

c.

it allowed American ships to trade throughout the continent.

d.

it won compensation for slaveowners who lost slaves during the Revolution.

 

 

 

   36.   Following the Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794),

a.

Americans gained access to the Mississippi River.

b.

Americans took control of what is now the state of Ohio.

c.

George Washington was nearly impeached.

d.

reports of a secret alliance between the French and Indians surfaced.

 

 

 

   37.   Which statement is consistent with George Washington's Farewell Address?

a.

The United States should avoid creating a market economy.

b.

America will be a better society if we learn to live without factories.

c.

Political parties are an inevitable part of a free republic.

d.

We should stay out of alliances that draw us into wars.

 

 

 

ESSAY

 

   38.   What was the political philosophy of "republicanism"?

 

 

   39.   What were the key weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

 

 

   40.   How did state constitutions produce a more democratic society?

 

 

   41.   What were the primary fears of the Antifederalists? Were they justified?

 

 

   42.   To what extent did foreign relations shape politics in the early republic?

 

 

   43.   Ask students to analyze the reasons as to what prompted political leaders to act decisively for revising the Articles of Confederation.

 

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