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Homework answers / question archive / Tutorial 1: Browser Basics   TRUE/FALSE 1)A Web page is a document that has been created using HTTP

Tutorial 1: Browser Basics   TRUE/FALSE 1)A Web page is a document that has been created using HTTP

Computer Science

Tutorial 1: Browser Basics

 

TRUE/FALSE

1)A Web page is a document that has been created using HTTP.

 

 

     2.   Page tabs allow you to have multiple Web pages open at once, and to easily navigate among them.

 

 

     3.   The Internet and the World Wide Web are the same thing.

 

 

     4.   A Web client is the software that you run on your computer to make it work as a Web browser.

 

 

     5.   Hypertext links also are called hyperlinks or links.

 

 

     6.   The very first time Internet Explorer starts, only the Navigation bar is displayed in the program window.

 

 

     7.   The menu bar is hidden by default in Internet Explorer.

 

 

     8.   In Internet Explorer, you can switch to Full screen mode by pressing the F9 key.

 

 

     9.   The last part of a domain name lists the protocol that will be used to transport the file.

 

 

   10.   The two most common protocols used to transfer files on the Internet are Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and Media Transfer Protocol (MTP).

 

 

 

 

   11.   In the figure above, the URL is Midland Pet Adoption Agency.

 

 

   12.   The Back and Forward buttons on the Navigation bar are grayed out when you first start Internet Explorer.

 

 

   13.   In Internet Explorer, the Feeds tab is used to store and organize RSS feeds, which provide content published by a Web site that is updated often.

 

 

   14.   A cookie is a small text file that a Web server saves on the hard drive of the computer that is running the Web browser software.

 

 

   15.   In Mozilla Firefox, the Bookmarks toolbar includes buttons that provide links to saved shortcuts to Web pages that you visit frequently.

 

 

   16.   Mozilla Firefox is a Web browser currently maintained by Google.

 

 

   17.   If you have only one tab open, you must exit Firefox to close that tab.

 

 

   18.   Cookies that are placed by companies other than the company whose Web site you are visiting are called spam cookies.

 

 

   19.   Firefox stores each cookie in a separate file.

 

 

   20.   U.S. copyright law has a fair use provision that allows a limited amount of copyrighted information to be used for purposes such as news reporting, research, and scholarship.

 

 

MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE

 

     1.   Internet Explorer offers a(n) Retry button to load a new copy of the Web page that currently appears in the browser window. _________________________

 

 

 

     2.   Internet Explorer’s Favorites Center lets you store and organize a list of Web pages that you have visited so you can return to them easily. _________________________

 

 

     3.   In Internet Explorer, the Control bar includes buttons and menu options for working safely and effectively in the browser, and includes options for printing. _________________________

 

 

 

     4.   When computer networks are connected to each other, the system is called a(n) interconnected network. _________________________

 

 

     5.   The HTML hyper tag enables Web designers to link HTML documents to each other. _________________________

 

 

 

     6.   The two most common transfer protocols used on the Internet are File Transfer Protocol and Hexadecimal Transfer Protocol. _________________________

 

 

 

     7.   The main page that all other pages on a particular Web site are organized around and link back to is called the site’s home page. _________________________

 

 

     8.   A Web directory is a Web page that conducts searches of the Web to find the words or expressions that you enter. _________________________

 

 

 

     9.   In Internet Explorer, the Redo button on the Navigation bar loads a new copy of the Web page that currently appears in the browser window. _________________________

 

 

 

   10.   In Internet Explorer, the Visitor Center lets you store and organize a list of Web pages that you have visited so you can return to them easily. _________________________

 

 

 

   11.   In Internet Explorer, from the History tab, you can view a list of the sites that were visited on that computer during the last few days or weeks. _________________________

 

   12.   In Internet Explorer, click the Print button on the Favorites bar to print the current Web page with the default print settings. _________________________

 

 

 

   13.   Firefox stores a copy of every Web page it displays on your computer’s hard drive in a(n) Temporary Internet Files folder. _________________________

 

 

   14.   In Firefox, to save a Web page without the graphic page elements, use the Web Page, HTML only setting. _________________________

 

 

   15.   When you save to your computer from Firefox, the Folders window opens to help you keep track of the files. _________________________

 

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

     1.   In Internet Explorer, you store the locations of Web sites you like in the ____.

a.

History list

c.

Favorites Center

b.

Feeds list

d.

Cookies file

 

 

 

     2.   If you see a horizontal scroll bar at the bottom of your browser, it most likely means that ____.

a.

the Web page is wider than your browser window

b.

you have multiple pages open at the same time

c.

your screen resolution is too high

d.

your browser cannot interpret the HTML coding of the Web page

 

 

 

     3.   The HTML ____ tag enables Web designers to link HTML documents to each other.

a.

<B>

c.

<I>

b.

anchor

d.

<Web>

 

 

 

     4.   A text file that contains HTML tags is called a(n) ____.

a.

server

c.

IP address

b.

browser

d.

HTML document

 

 

 

     5.   When computer networks are connected to each other, the system is called a(n) ____.

a.

internet

c.

LAN

b.

Internet

d.

WAN

 

 

     6.   HTML stands for ____.

a.

HotMail

c.

Hypertext Media Language

b.

Hypertext Markup Language

d.

Hex Traffic Media Link

 

 

 

     7.   The World Wide Web is a collection of files that reside on ____ located all over the world.

a.

Web clients

c.

Web servers

b.

MANs

d.

Firefoxes

 

 

 

     8.   Google’s browser is called ____.

a.

Chrome

c.

Opera

b.

Safari

d.

Firefox

 

 

 

     9.   The Address bar is located in the Internet Explorer ____ toolbar.

a.

Navigation

c.

Status

b.

Command

d.

Menu

 

 

 

   10.   A URL is a ____-part addressing scheme.

a.

one

c.

three

b.

two

d.

four

 

 

 

 

 

   11.   In the figure above, the domain name is noted by letter ____.

a.

A

c.

C

b.

B

d.

D

 

 

 

   12.   In the figure above, the box marked ____ indicates the name of the file.

a.

A

c.

C

b.

B

d.

D

 

 

 

   13.   In the figure above, ____ is part of the path.

a.

://

c.

index

b.

pages/

d.

.com

 

 

 

   14.   In the figure above, if the section marked by box A were left off when the URL was entered, the Web browser would ____.

a.

ask for a password before continuing

b.

return a “404” error

c.

load the same page as if the section’s text had been typed in

d.

none of the above

 

 

 

   15.   In the Address window, if you were to type simply nbc.com, Internet Explorer will convert it to ____ and load the home page at that URL.

a.

ftp://nbc.com

c.

http://www.nbc.com

b.

ftp://nbc.net

d.

http://www.nbc.com/home.htm

 

 

 

   16.   The text describes ____ different definitions for the term “home page.”

a.

one

c.

five

b.

three

d.

seven

 

 

 

   17.   When you hover your mouse pointer over a hyperlink, the pointer changes to a(n) ____.

a.

“WWW”

c.

hourglass

b.

hand with a finger pointing

d.

none of the above; it doesn’t change

 

 

   18.   In Internet Explorer, the Back button and Forward button are located on the ____ bar.

a.

Favorites

c.

Navigation

b.

Command

d.

Status

 

 

 

   19.   Using one browser window for all open pages is called ____.

a.

multitasking

c.

tabbed browsing

b.

multiboxing

d.

power-using

 

 

 

   20.   In Internet Explorer, the Favorites Center has three tabs: Favorites, ____, and History.

a.

Feeds

c.

Library

b.

Printing

d.

Tabs

 

 

 

   21.   The History tab records your browsing activity by organizing and storing the URLs of the Web sites you have visited by all of the following except ____.

a.

most visited

c.

search history

b.

order visited today

d.

popularity

 

 

 

   22.   On the Favorites tab, you can add, delete, and organize favorites into ____ that best suit your needs and working style.

a.

folders

c.

tabs

b.

files

d.

menus

 

 

 

   23.   Your browser stores the location of each Web page you visit during a single session in a(n) ____.

a.

search engine

c.

history list

b.

Favorites list

d.

bookmark

 

 

 

   24.   The history list, which you open by clicking the History tab in the ____ Center, is useful when you know you visited a site recently, but you did not create a favorite and you cannot recall the URL of the site.

a.

Favorites

c.

History

b.

Help

d.

Library

 

 

 

   25.   You can delete your browsing history in Internet Explorer by clicking the Tools button on the ____ and then clicking Internet options to open the Internet Options dialog box.

a.

Command bar

c.

both a. and b.

b.

Navigation bar

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   26.   A(n) ____ is a small file that a Web server writes to the disk drive of the client computer, containing information about the user.

a.

biscuit

c.

cookie

b.

trifle

d.

wafer

 

 

 

   27.   In Internet Explorer, the options for controlling placement of cookies on your computer can be found in the ____ tab of the Internet Options dialog box.

a.

Cookies

c.

Encryption

b.

General

d.

Privacy

 

 

 

   28.   In Internet Explorer, to delete all of the cookies stored on your computer, click the Tools button on the Navigation bar or the Command bar and then click Internet options to open the ____ dialog box.

a.

Save

c.

Internet Options

b.

Hard Disk Usage

d.

Privacy

 

 

 

   29.   In Internet Explorer, use InPrivate browsing mode so as not to store ____.

a.

History

c.

copies of visited Web pages

b.

cookies

d.

all of the above

 

 

 

   30.   When you are using InPrivate Browsing, the “InPrivate is turned on” page displays in the browser window, the InPrivate label is on the page tab, and the InPrivate indicator appears ____ the Address bar.

a.

to the right of

c.

above

b.

to the left of

d.

below

 

 

 

   31.   In Internet Explorer, press ____ to open the Help window.

a.

F1

c.

Alt + Esc

b.

the left Shift key 5 times

d.

NumLock

 

 

 

   32.   In Internet Explorer, the Web Archive, single format saves the Web page in the ____ format.

a.

.htm

c.

.html

b.

.mht

d.

.rtf

 

 

 

   33.   In Internet Explorer, to save an image from a Web page, first you ____.

a.

right-click the image you want to save

b.

click Save Picture As on the shortcut menu

c.

navigate to the folder where you want to save the image

d.

change the default filename, if necessary

 

 

 

   34.   A(n) ____ comes into existence as soon as a work is placed into a tangible form.

a.

copyright

c.

open-source project

b.

lien

d.

copywrite

 

 

 

   35.   U.S. law has a(n) ____ provision that allows students to use limited amounts of copyrighted information in term papers.

a.

escape clause

c.

Freedom of Information Act

b.

fair use

d.

lien

 

 

 

   36.   In Internet Explorer, you can select options in the Print dialog box by clicking the Print button arrow on the ____ bar and then clicking Print.

a.

Favorites

c.

Start

b.

Command

d.

Navigation

 

 

 

   37.   In Internet Explorer, the default header prints the Web page title in the left section, ____ in the center section, and the page number and the total number of pages in the right section.

a.

URL

c.

date

b.

nothing

d.

date and time

 

 

 

   38.   In Internet Explorer, changing the print size enables you to ____ the Web page.

a.

shrink

c.

either a. or b.

b.

enlarge

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   39.   In Internet Explorer, the ____ window shows how the current Web page will look on the printed page.

a.

Page Setup

c.

Print Setup

b.

Page Preview

d.

Print Preview

 

 

 

   40.   All of the following buttons can be found on the Firefox Navigation toolbar EXCEPT ____.

a.

Bookmarks

c.

Firefox

b.

Home

d.

Search bar

 

 

 

   41.   Links are ____.

a.

text

c.

either a. or b.

b.

graphics

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   42.   A Web browser is ____ that allows your computer to connect to, locate, retrieve, and display Web content.

a.

software

c.

both a. and b.

b.

hardware

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   43.   HTML uses codes, or ____, that tell the Web browser software how to display the text contained in the text file.

a.

text

c.

hypertext

b.

links

d.

tags

 

 

 

   44.   A Web browser interprets ____ as instructions to make the text between the tags in italics.

a.

<IT></IT>

c.

<S></S>

b.

<I></I>

d.

<C></C>

 

 

 

   45.   A Web browser interprets ____ as instructions to make the text between the tags bold.

a.

<B></B>

c.

<L></L>

b.

<X></X>

d.

<D></D>

 

 

 

   46.   A text file that contains HTML tags is called an HTML ____.

a.

unit

c.

document

b.

folder

d.

page

 

 

 

   47.   The very first time Firefox starts, only the Firefox button and the ____ toolbar are displayed in the program window.

a.

Command

c.

Gateway

b.

Navigation

d.

Firefox

 

 

 

   48.   To display the menu bar or a toolbar, ____ a blank area of the Navigation toolbar, and then click the corresponding option on the shortcut menu.

a.

right-click

c.

hover over

b.

double-click

d.

left-click

 

 

 

   49.   In Firefox, at any point you can switch to ____ Screen mode, which temporarily hides the program window.

a.

Big

c.

Help

b.

Full

d.

Auto

 

 

 

   50.   You use the ____ to enter URLs directly into Firefox.

a.

Location bar

c.

Bookmark list

b.

Go To field

d.

History

 

 

 

   51.   Web sites are ____ communications media just as printed brochures and newsletters are.

a.

printed

c.

spoken

b.

written

d.

edited

 

 

 

   52.   An important point in organizing a Web site is that the navigation tools should appear ____ on every page.

a.

in the same place

c.

both a. and b.

b.

in the same form

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   53.   Apple’s browser is called ____.

a.

Safari

c.

Opera

b.

Chrome

d.

Navigator

 

 

 

   54.   The part of the Internet known as the World Wide Web is a collection of files that reside on computers, called ____, that are connected to each other through the Internet.

a.

Web systems

c.

Web portals

b.

Web servers

d.

Web ports

 

 

 

   55.   When you click the Reload button, Firefox first checks the ____ to determine if a new copy of the current Web page is available.

a.

Temporary Internet Files folder

c.

History list

b.

Web server

d.

cache

 

 

 

   56.   To change your Firefox home page, type the URL of that page in the Home Page box on the ____ tab of the Options dialog box.

a.

Content

c.

Security

b.

Applications

d.

General

 

 

 

   57.   Many organizations set the ____ defaults on all of their computers and then lock those settings.

a.

home page

c.

history page

b.

favorites page

d.

help page

 

 

 

   58.   In Firefox, you can open a link in a new tab by first ____ a hyperlink.

a.

hovering your pointer over

c.

dragging & highlighting

b.

right-clicking

d.

double-clicking

 

 

 

   59.   Bookmarks are saved in Firefox in the ____.

a.

Cookie bin

c.

Favorites Center

b.

Library

d.

History list

 

 

 

   60.   In Firefox, you open the Library by clicking the Bookmarks button on the ____ toolbar, and then clicking Show All Bookmarks.

a.

Bookmarks

c.

either a. or b.

b.

Navigation

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   61.   In Firefox, ____ records your browsing activity by organizing and storing the URLs of the Web sites you have visited sorted in a variety of ways, including by date, name, visit count, location, and keyword.

a.

History

c.

Refresh

b.

File

d.

Storage

 

 

 

   62.   In Firefox, you can create descriptive labels, called ____, and assign them to your bookmarks to help organize your bookmarks into categories.

a.

keywords

c.

tags

b.

search terms

d.

labels

 

 

 

   63.   In Firefox, you use the ____ button to save your bookmark file onto a portable storage device.

a.

Save to Disk

c.

Roaming

b.

Portability

d.

Import and Backup

 

 

 

   64.   Firefox stores cookies ____.

a.

each in a separate file on the client hard drive

b.

on its Web server

c.

in a single file on the client hard drive

d.

none of the above; Firefox does not store cookies

 

 

 

   65.   The private browsing mode in Firefox is called ____.

a.

Stealth Mode

c.

Incognito

b.

Secret Browsing

d.

Private Browsing

 

 

 

   66.   In Firefox, to access a Private Browsing session first click the ____ button.

a.

Options

c.

Help

b.

Firefox

d.

File

 

 

 

   67.   To open Firefox Help, you ____.

a.

press F3

b.

click the question mark icon on the status bar

c.

click the Firefox button, and then click Help

d.

navigate to http://help.firefox.com

 

 

 

   68.   To save a Web page and all of its graphic elements in Firefox, make sure the Save as type text box is set to ____.

a.

Web Page, complete

c.

Web Page, HTML

b.

Web Page, bundle

d.

Web Page, comprehensive

 

 

 

   69.   In Firefox, to save just an image from a Web page, first you ____ the image.

a.

double-click

c.

hover the pointer over

b.

right-click

d.

click

 

 

 

   70.   In Firefox, the Print command can be found by clicking the Firefox button and pointing to ____ on the menu to open a submenu of printing options.

a.

Tools

c.

Options

b.

Help

d.

Print

 

 

 

Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

 

Case 1-1

Rick has always used Internet Explorer, but his place of employment requires that everyone use Firefox. His co-worker, Rayna, is reviewing the primary features of Firefox.

 

   71.   Rayna explains that the ____ button opens a menu with options for all the main functions and features in the browser.

a.

Firefox

c.

Main

b.

Help

d.

Mozilla

 

 

 

   72.   Rayna shows Rick how to type the address for a Web page in the ____ bar to open that Web page in the browser.

a.

Site

c.

Place

b.

Location

d.

Search

 

 

 

   73.   Rick is not sure if Firefox is hardware or software. Rayna explains that Firefox is ____.

a.

hardware

c.

both a. and b.

b.

software

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   74.   Rick frequently does research and needs to see a history of the sites he has visited. Rayna explains that he would use the ____ to view the history of recently visited sites.

a.

Vault

c.

Help Desk

b.

Library

d.

Museum

 

 

 

   75.   Lastly, Rick wants to understand how to create shortcuts to Web pages that he visits frequently.  Rayna explains that in Firefox he would use the ____ toolbar.

a.

Bookmarks

c.

Links

b.

Favorites

d.

Gadgets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   76.   Amanda notices the printer icon on the menu bar. If she clicks this icon ____.

a.

the page immediately prints

b.

the Print dialog box opens

c.

she returns to the document she was working on

d.

the preview of the document is enlarged for better viewing.

 

 

 

   77.   Amanda notices two icons that look like pages with the letter “A.” You explain that she clicks these to ____.

a.

minimize or maximize the page

c.

change the size of the printout

b.

change the page orientation

d.

change the font of the document

 

 

 

   78.   The next icon in the row, to the right of the two documents with the letter “A,” is a circular icon that resembles a gear. If she clicks this icon the ____ dialog box will open.

a.

Print Setup

c.

Page Setup

b.

Help

d.

Options

 

 

 

   79.   Amanda notices that the ____ lists the URL and the current date.

a.

header

c.

both a. and b.

b.

footer

d.

neither a. nor b.

 

 

 

   80.   Amanda asks what happens if she clicks the arrows at the bottom of the screen. You explain that she would use these arrows to ____.

a.

navigate among multiple pages of a Web site

b.

to return to the Web site and Web navigation

c.

to open a blank document

d.

to make the Print Preview screen larger or smaller

 

 

 

COMPLETION

 

     1.   HTML is a(n) ____________________ language used to format documents containing text and images so they can be viewed in a Web browser

 

 

 

     2.   ____________________ tags in HTML documents create hyperlinks.

 

 

 

     3.   The main page that all of the other pages on a particular Web site are organized around is called the ____________________.

 

 

 

     4.   The method of using one browser window for all open pages is called ____________________ browsing.

 

 

 

     5.   The Favorites tab in Internet Explorer allows you to create a ____________________, which is a stored shortcut containing the URL of a Web page.

 

 

 

     6.   The Feeds tab in Internet Explorer is used to store and organize ____________________ feeds, which provide content published by a Web site that is updated often.

 

 

 

     7.   In Internet Explorer, you can  add favorites that you want to access very frequently to the Favorites bar, which is a toolbar that appears below the ____________________ bar.

 

 

 

     8.   When you delete a folder, the folder and all of its contents are moved to the ____________________.

 

 

 

     9.   You can start a private browsing session by clicking the Safety button on the ____________________ bar.

 

 

 

   10.   The private browsing mode in Internet Explorer is called ____________________.

 

 

 

   11.   When using a private browsing mode in Internet Explorer, the browser does not record the pages you have visited, however, the network server that connects the computer to the Internet might have ____________________ that does.

 

 

 

   12.   The Print dialog box includes options for selecting a printer, setting a page ____________________, and specifying the number of copies to print.

 

 

 

   13.   Firefox is a Web ____________________, which is software you run on your computer to make it run as a Web client, allowing it to locate and display Web pages

 

 

 

   14.   Page ____________________ allow you to have multiple Web pages open at once, and to easily navigate among them.

 

 

 

   15.   You type the ____________________ Resource Locator (URL), or the address for a Web page, in the Location bar to open that Web page in the browser.

 

 

 

   16.   In Firefox, you can click the Home button to return to your home page or ____________________ page, which is the page that opens when you start a browsing session.

 

 

 

   17.   In Firefox, to close a page tab, click its Close Tab ____________________.

 

 

 

   18.   In Firefox, the ____________________ toolbar includes buttons that provide links to saved shortcuts to Web pages that you visit frequently

 

 

 

   19.   When you use an Internet connection to become part of the Web, your computer becomes a Web ____________________.

 

 

 

   20.   The Firefox ____________________ stores bookmarks and the History list.

 

 

 

MATCHING

 

 

a.

Command bar

g.

URL

b.

Navigation bar

h.

Favorites Center

c.

Web browser

i.

HTML

d.

hyperlink

j.

Home button

e.

Page tabs

k.

Refresh button

f.

Favorites bar

l.

Web page

 

 

     1.   used to open and move among Web pages

 

     2.   software you run on your computer to make it run as a Web client

 

     3.   loads a new copy of the Web page in the browser window

 

     4.   includes buttons that provide links to saved shortcuts to Web pages that you visit frequently

 

     5.   typed into the Address bar to open that Web page in the browser

 

     6.   used to organize and display links to your preferred Web sites

 

     7.   document that has been created using HTML

 

     8.   programming language used to format documents so they can be viewed in a Web browser

 

     9.   includes buttons and menu options for working safely and effectively in the browser

 

   10.   object on a Web page, the browser connects to and displays another place on the Web page or another Web page

 

   11.   allow you to have multiple Web pages open at once, and to easily navigate among them

 

   12.   click to return to your start page

 

       

 

 

ESSAY

 

     1.   Name and describe the principal parts of a URL.

 

 

 

     2.   Describe the three ways that the term “home page” is used on the Web.

 

 

 

 

     3.   Define the word “copyright” and explain when it comes into existence. What is the “fair use” provision included in the U.S. copyright law?

 

 

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