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Homework answers / question archive / Chapter 26—Great Promises, Bitter Disappointments, 1960-1968   MULTIPLE CHOICE       1)   Camp Shriver a

Chapter 26—Great Promises, Bitter Disappointments, 1960-1968   MULTIPLE CHOICE       1)   Camp Shriver a

History

Chapter 26—Great Promises, Bitter Disappointments, 1960-1968

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

    1)   Camp Shriver

a.

was the beginning of the Special Olympics.

b.

was a Marine outpost outside Saigon.

c.

was the nickname for the press corps in the Kennedy White House.

d.

was short hand for progressive Democrats in the Congress of the 1960s.

 

 

 

     2.   Although the televised debate with Nixon helped Kennedy, victory in the 1960 election:

a.

depended on his ability to hold the Democratic coalition together.

b.

hinged on the use of the radio because it was still the nation's most important medium.

c.

depended on Kennedy's personal appearances.

d.

resulted from Kennedy being able to control his emotional outbursts.

 

 

 

     3.   All of the following is true about the 1960 election, EXCEPT:

a.

Nixon carried more states than Kennedy.

b.

Kennedy had secured a majority in the popular vote.

c.

Nixon challenged the election results.

d.

Kennedy managed to gain the votes of southern Democrats as well as northern liberal and African American Democrats.

 

 

 

     4.   Kennedy's decision to select technical experts for his cabinet reflected the general belief that:

a.

politicians were corrupt.

b.

Kennedy was an outsider.

c.

only people from elite universities could manage government.

d.

America's problems could be solved through science and technology.

 

 

     5.   The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee:

a.

urged African Americans to work through the system for change.

b.

disdained the sit-in, which they considered ineffective.

c.

was most active in northern cities.

d.

was more radical than other civil rights groups.

 

     6.   During Kennedy's first two years in office, he:

a.

established a civil rights record that has yet to be surpassed.

b.

was unable to pass all of his civil rights agenda, but most civil rights leaders were impressed by his dedication to the cause.

c.

moved cautiously on civil rights, appointing several blacks to high offices but also appointing recognized segregationists.

d.

ignored civil rights altogether.

 

 

 

     7.   During the freedom rider incident:

a.

southern whites adopted the tactics of the civil rights movement and peacefully blocked buses.

b.

only the presence of federal troops prevented violence.

c.

white mobs attacked black freedom riders but left white ones alone.

d.

local police collaborated with the white mobs that attacked buses.

 

 

 

     8.   What did the Supreme Court rule in Boynton v. Virginia (1960)?

a.

States could not segregate interstate buses, trains or terminals.

b.

School desegregation had to move forward "with all deliberate speed."

c.

Racial discrimination in federal housing projects was unconstitutional.

d.

Schools could not force children to participate in prayers.

 

 

     9.   What finally ended the freedom rider movement?

a.

Civil rights leaders saw that it was causing violence and ordered an end to it.

b.

The leaders of the movement were jailed.

c.

The Interstate Commerce Commission declared it would uphold the Supreme Court's ban on segregated bus terminals.

d.

Federal troops entered Alabama and Mississippi and forced local whites to allow integrated buses.

 

 

 

   10.   What happened when the first African American student was admitted to the University of Mississippi?

a.

Although a few whites complained, most accepted the change as inevitable.

b.

Mississippi's governor went to jail for contempt of court when he ordered the university not to admit any black students.

c.

Thousands of white students and nonstudents rioted, killing two people.

d.

Anticipating trouble, President Kennedy sent troops to the university before any violence had erupted.

 

 

 

   11.   All of the following is true about Martin Luther King Jr.'s strategy for the March in Birmingham, EXCEPT:

a.

He anticipated a violent white reaction.

b.

He hoped for federal intervention.

c.

He expected it to raise national awareness.

d.

He deliberately sent small children out in front.

 

 

 

   12.   President Kennedy's "flexible response" strategy:

a.

called for the elimination of nuclear weapons.

b.

identified a handful of critical areas that the United States would defend against Communist takeover.

c.

required a significant increase in military spending.

d.

reduced the role of conventional forces.

 

 

   13.   In order to stop the spread of communism, President Kennedy favored:

a.

threatening the Soviet Union with nuclear war if it did not stop supporting guerrilla movements.

b.

American military forces specially trained to deal with insurgencies.

c.

sending hundreds of thousands of troops into the world's trouble spots.

d.

denouncing governments for their abuses of human rights.

 

 

 

   14.   The Alliance for Progress:

a.

provided for social and economic programs in Vietnam.

b.

was forged between the United States and Arab countries.

c.

attempted to overthrow Cuban President Fidel Castro.

d.

provided for social and economic programs in Latin American countries.

 

 

 

   15.   All of the following is true about the Cuban missile crisis, EXCEPT:

a.

The Cuban missile crisis paled in comparison to the crisis in Berlin in August 1961.

b.

An American U-2 spy plane discovered medium range nuclear missile sites on the island.

c.

The Soviet Union and the U.S. removed missiles from Cuba and Turkey respectively, thus taking the world back from the brink of war.

d.

Throughout the crisis, the Strategic Air Command kept nuclear-armed B-52 bombers in the air.

 

 

 

   16.   Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States and the Soviet Union:

a.

agreed to stop testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere.

b.

agreed to reduce their nuclear arsenals by 10%.

c.

virtually stopped all negotiations with each other.

d.

doubled their troop strength along the border between East and West Germany.

 

 

 

   17.   Ngo Dinh Diem's government in South Vietnam:

a.

was noted for its attention to the plight of the poor.

b.

refused American offers of assistance to fight the Viet Cong.

c.

refused to implement political and social reforms that American officials wanted.

d.

tried to negotiate a peace deal with North Vietnam.

 

 

 

   18.   The assassination of John F. Kennedy

a.

appears to have been an elaborate plot by Fidel Castro.

b.

was ordered by the mafia.

c.

may have been connected to Johnson's lust for power.

d.

traumatized the nation.

 

 

 

   19.   The Civil Rights Act of 1964:

a.

outlawed discrimination in private country clubs.

b.

declared equality between the sexes.

c.

made it illegal to discriminate for reasons of race, religion, or gender in places and businesses that served the public.

d.

dissolved the Fair Employment Practices Committee.

 

 

 

   20.   Michael Harrington's The Other America (1962) described:

a.

South and Central America.

b.

life among American minorities.

c.

life among the rich.

d.

life among the poor.

 

 

 

   21.   Which of the following was NOT a program in Johnson's War on Poverty:

a.

Job Corps

b.

CAP

c.

VISTA

d.

Peace Corps.

 

 

 

   22.   The New Right believed that:

a.

the United States should use nuclear weapons to destroy the Soviet Union.

b.

the Supreme Court needed to take a more aggressive role in correcting social injustices.

c.

liberalism was destroying important American values.

d.

the United States needed to improve cooperation within the United Nations.

 

 

 

   23.   The Freedom Summer was an effort to:

a.

end the Vietnam War.

b.

register black voters in the South.

c.

end segregated bus facilities.

d.

force white businesses to hire more black workers.

 

 

 

   24.   The Twenty-Fourth Amendment

a.

set term limits for the presidency.

b.

reduced the voting age to 18.

c.

is also known as the Equal Rights Amendment.

d.

eliminated the poll tax.

 

 

 

   25.   The Voting Rights Act of 1965:

a.

was passed over President Johnson's veto.

b.

failed to increase significantly the number of black voters.

c.

banned Mississippi's literacy test.

d.

was declared unconstitutional.

 

 

 

   26.   In which of the following policy fields did Johnson NOT sign a major bill into law in 1965?:

a.

healthcare

b.

education

c.

immigration

d.

financial regulation

 

 

   27.   One of the reasons race riots broke out in the mid-1960s was that:

a.

segregation laws denied black people access to most public facilities.

b.

the decline of unskilled jobs led to increased unemployment.

c.

whites feared that black people were abandoning northern cities.

d.

the federal government had shown no interest in black people's problems.

 

 

 

   28.   The Watts Riot (1965) revealed that many African Americans:

a.

were willing to reject nonviolent protest.

b.

could not vote even outside the South.

c.

felt the police would not protect them from angry mobs of whites.

d.

believed they could not become part of middle-class America until residential segregation ended.

 

 

 

   29.   With which statement would most "black power" advocates most agree?

a.

Black people should burn white middle-class communities to give them a taste of their own medicine.

b.

Black people will never be equal in America and should move to Africa.

c.

Instead of asking whites for their rights, black people should seize them.

d.

The only way black people will get any political power is to create alliances with sympathetic whites.

 

 

 

   30.   The Black Muslims believed:

a.

in a return to Africa.

b.

in black superiority and separatism.

c.

that Christianity was the source of evil in America.

d.

in the use of mind-altering chemicals.

 

 

 

   31.   All of the following statements about the Black Panthers is true, EXCEPT:

a.

They originated in Oakland in 1966.

b.

They were well armed and willing to use their weapons.

c.

J. Edgar Hoover considered them no serious challenge.

d.

Their goal was community action.

 

 

 

   32.   The Kerner Commission concluded that the 1960s race riots were caused primarily by:

a.

Communist influence in the civil rights movement.

b.

outside agitators who stirred up otherwise satisfied black people.

c.

white racism that led to black poverty.

d.

insensitive white public officials.

 

 

 

   33.   In response to race riots and black militancy, by the late 1960s a growing number of whites:

a.

called for expanding the range of social welfare benefits.

b.

marched side by side with Black Panthers and other militants.

c.

backed away from supporting civil rights.

d.

demanded the arrest of Martin Luther King, Jr.

 

 

 

   34.   In her book, Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan:

a.

asked women to set their own goals and seek careers outside the home.

b.

urged women to adhere to the cult of domesticity.

c.

advocated an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.

d.

called on women to join the civil rights movement.

 

 

 

   35.   Between 1955 and 1965 the share of high school graduates going to college:

a.

stayed the same.

b.

dropped from 50 percent to 30 percent.

c.

jumped from 13 percent to 40 percent.

d.

doubled.

 

 

 

   36.   Students for a Democratic Society considered American society to be:

a.

dominated by liberal think-tanks.

b.

too concerned with world affairs.

c.

undisciplined and weak.

d.

materialistic and unequal.

 

 

 

   37.   Timothy Leary:

a.

joined Allen Ginsberg in writing counterculture literature.

b.

urged people to take LSD and "drop out" of the rat race of American society.

c.

advocated turning women into "sexual objects."

d.

argued that hard work and patriotism are the backbone of a good society.

 

 

 

   38.   Most young people who sympathized with the counterculture

a.

moved to hippie communes.

b.

dropped out of society to live on their own terms.

c.

remained part of the society they criticized.

d.

avoided drug use.

 

 

 

   39.   Which African American leader worked the hardest to define what was meant by Black Power?

a.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

b.

Elijah Muhammad

c.

James Farmer

d.

Stokely Carmichael

 

 

ESSAY

 

   40.   Evaluate the following statement: The Kennedy Administration's efforts to "stand up to the Soviet Union" made the United States less secure.

 

 

   41.   To what extent was the Great Society the logical conclusion to the philosophy and goals of the New Deal?

 

   42.   What role did television play in the civil rights movement?

 

   43.   Ask students to explain the rise of Black Power in the 1960s and discuss its organized manifestations.

 

   44.   Students should examine the rise of the New Right during the 1960s.

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