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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts For Skinner, the causes of behaviour    lie in the immediate environment;     lie in the organism's history;    lie inside the organism itself;     all of the above

Question 1 1 / 1 pts For Skinner, the causes of behaviour    lie in the immediate environment;     lie in the organism's history;    lie inside the organism itself;     all of the above

Psychology

Question 1

1 / 1 pts

For Skinner, the causes of behaviour

  

lie in the immediate environment;

   

lie in the organism's history;

  

lie inside the organism itself;

   

all of the above.

 

 

Question 2

1 / 1 pts

For Skinner, verbal behaviour is

  

any behaviour produced by the mouth or vocal apparatus;

   

restricted to behaviour that makes use of spoken or written language;

   

behaviour that is reinforced through the mediation of other persons;

   

behaviour that is symbolic.

 

 

Question 3

1 / 1 pts

For which of the following reasons did Thorndike argue against the use of introspection?
i) It restricts the domain of psychology to articulate adults;
ii) It erroneously assumed a person in a particular mental state knows more about that state than another observer;
iii) It artificially separates mental states from the behaviours that they underlie;
iv) It changes the mental state that is its object.

  

i only;

   

i and ii only;

   

i, ii, and iii only;

   

i, ii, iii, and iv.

 

 

Question 4

1 / 1 pts

Skinner believed that behaviour was

  

purposeless;

   

purposeful;

   

purely mechanical;

   

unpredictable.

 

 

Question 5

1 / 1 pts

Skinner's 'radical behaviourism' differed from Watson's behaviourism in that

  

Skinner believed that organisms were born with greater innate capacities than did Watson;

   

Skinner believed that mental processes had a small part to play in psychological explanation rather than no role at all;

   

Skinner believed the organism to be active rather than the passive recipient of environmental stimulation;

   

Skinner believed that thinking and behaviour were radically different from one another whereas Watson did not.

 

 

Question 6

1 / 1 pts

Thinking, according to Watson, is performed by

  

the immaterial mind;

   

the brain only;

   

the brain and peripheral nervous system;

   

the whole body.

 

 

Question 7

1 / 1 pts

Thorndike's Law of Effect is underpinned by

  

the association of ideas;

   

the association of stimulus and response;

   

connections between neurons;

   

the connection between motor and visual sensations.

 

 

Question 8

1 / 1 pts

Watson believed that behaviour was the causal effect of

  

an environmental stimulus;

  

an intention to act;

   

the organism's life history;

 

spontaneous nervous activity.

 

 

Question 9

1 / 1 pts

Watson conceptualised thinking as

  

talking to ourselves;

  

manipulating mental representations;

  

evoking visual images;

  

seeing the connections between different concepts.

 

 

Question 10

1 / 1 pts

What, for Thorndike, is an action?

  

any muscular movement;

   

only those muscular movements preceded by a conscious intention;

   

only those muscular movements accompanied by conscious experience;

 

only those muscular movements preceded by an act of free will.

 

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