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Homework answers / question archive / Nephrolithiasis also known as kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form in your kidneys

Nephrolithiasis also known as kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form in your kidneys

Health Science

Nephrolithiasis also known as kidney stones are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form in your kidneys. (may clinic, 2020) Kidney stones have many causes. Some of these causes are diet, supplements, medications, excess body weight, and certain medical conditions. Kidney stones form when your urine has more crystal-forming substances than the fluid in your urine can dilute. (may clinic, 2020) The most common symptom of a kidney stone is a sharp pain in your side and back by your ribs. You may have burning or pain when urinating. You may have some blood in your urine. The urine may be cloudy and you may feel the urge to urinate often. One treatment for kidney stones is surgery. Surgery is only required when the stone is too big for the body to pass on its own. This surgery is called percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The make a small incision in your back and use special instruments to remove the stone. The patient then has to stay in the hospital for one or two days to recover.

Dialysis cleans your blood by passing it through a filter. Your blood is on one side of the filter and a fluid called dialysate is on the other. The waste and fluid in your blood pass through the filter into the dialysate. The bigger cells such as RBCs cannot fit through the filter. The dialysate is then drained from your body and the waste and extra fluid comes with it. The difference between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis is hemodialysis uses an artificial kidney machine and with peritoneal dialysis your belly acts like a filter. If I was prescribed dialysis I would utilize peritoneal dialysis. I chose this option because doctors say that peritoneal dialysis is easier on your heart and better for you. One interesting fact I learned about the urinary system is that there are four different types of kidney stones. I always assumed that all kidney stones were the same and that there was only one type.

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