Homework answers / question archive / Mechanistic versus organic organizations (Connect, Perform) The following table shows the differences between companies as they become more organic or more mechanistic
The following table shows the differences between companies as they become more organic or more mechanistic. You can use the slider on the left to highlight characteristics for a particular structure.
Use the table to answer the questions that follow.
As an organization becomes more mechanistic, its communication flow becomesmore vertical
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As an organization becomes more mechanistic, its communication flow becomes more vertical. Mechanistic organizations have highly specialized employees and departments that focus on only one type of work. This can create silos throughout the organization. Just as a row of grain silos keeps piles of grain separate, corporate silos keep groups of employees separated.
Dollar General uses a cost leadership strategy. The Dollar General slogan is “Save time. Save money. Every day!®” Dollar General will be more effective if it hasa mechanistic
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Which of the following reasons explain this? Check all that apply.
Narrow spans of management ensure that employees operate efficiently.
Short chains of command ensure that the company will operate most effectively in a turbulent environment.
Centralized decision making allows the organization to place tighter controls on the way work is done and, in the process, achieve economies of scale.
Horizontal communication and broad spans of management allow for added flexibility in employee decision making.
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Mechanistic organizations are more efficient and more centrally controlled than organic organizations, which helps to keep costs down. Economies of scale can be achieved because mechanistic companies have single staff departments that serve the entire company, rather than creating multiple, duplicate functions in different divisions.