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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts Which of the following statements are reasons given by Lakatos as to why disconfirming observations should not lead to the immediate rejection of a theory? i

Question 1 1 / 1 pts Which of the following statements are reasons given by Lakatos as to why disconfirming observations should not lead to the immediate rejection of a theory? i

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Question 1

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following statements are reasons given by Lakatos as to why disconfirming observations should not lead to the immediate rejection of a theory?
i. Changes can be made to the protective belt of a theory;
ii. The theory may produce confirmed novel predictions in the long run;
iii. The apparently disconfirming observations may themselves be unreliable

  

i only;

   

i and ii only;

   

i, ii, and iii;

   

Neither i, ii, nor iii.

 

 

Question 2

1 / 1 pts

A research programme differs from a theory in that

  

It consists of series of theories rather than just one;

   

It is driven by one single question rather than a multiplicity of questions;

   

It consists of auxiliary assumptions;

   

It is unfalsifiable.

 

 

Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following statements specify the advantages that Lakatos sees in his theory of research programmes over other philosophies of science?
i. It gives some way in which competing theories could be rationally compared to one another;
ii. It emphasises the fact that theory rejection is not an instantaneous process but a historical process;
iii. It recognises that in science there are generally several competing theories rather than just one theory.

  

i only;

  

ii only;

  

iii only;

  

i, ii, and iii.

 

Question 4

1 / 1 pts

What was the function of the protective belt in Lakatos’s theory of research programmes?

  

It allowed a theory to accommodate anomalous findings without calling into question the most important aspects of the theory;

   

It rendered a theory stronger by making it relatively immune to falsification;

   

It provided a means to deflect criticism of the theory;

   

It meant that a theory could never be rejected.

 

 

Question 5

1 / 1 pts

Lakatos’s theory of research programmes was intended to

  

differentiate between science and non-science;

   

minimise the risk of rejecting a true theory;

   

indicate how a theory could be proved true;

   

demonstrate the non-existence of induction in scientific reasoning.

 

 

Question 6

1 / 1 pts

Feyerabend argued that

  

science is distinguished from other intellectual disciplines by its method;

   

the scientific method is based on induction from unbiased observations;

   

scientific theories must always accord with our observations;

   

there is no one thing called the scientific method.

 

 

Question 7

1 / 1 pts

For Feyerabend, following the dictates of falsificationism would

  

have stifled scientific progress;

   

encouraged scientific progress;

   

led to a proliferation of competing theories;

   

have drastically cut down the time needed for the Copernican theory to be accepted by the Church.

 

 

Question 8

1 / 1 pts

According to Feyerabend, Galileo’s Copernicanism triumphed

  

because so many observations were in its favour;

   

in spite of much evidence that seemed to contradict it;

   

because it followed a strict scientific method;

   

because it was demonstrably more rational that the earth-centred view of the universe.

 

 

Question 9

1 / 1 pts

Feyerabend argues in favour of pluralism because

  

nature responds in a number of ways to different approaches;

   

what counts as real depends on the questions and task at hand;

   

it is more humane than a monolithic worldview;

   

all of the above.

 

 

Question 10

1 / 1 pts

Feyerabend argued that

  

there are no rules to science;

   

the rules of science should be worked out by scientists themselves pragmatically in the course of their investigations;

   

the rules of science should be worked out beforehand according to strict rational steps;

   

the rules of science should be the same for all scientific investigations regardless of time, place, or subject matter.

 

Quiz Score: 10 out of 10

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